Palm Sunday : Jesus’ Triumphant Entrance into Jerusalem
Jesus Sends for a Colt (Matthew 21:1–6, Mark 11:1–6, Luke 19:29–34)
Early Sunday morning Jesus sent Peter and John to a village near Bethany on the Mount of Olives. Jesus said to Peter and John, “When you enter the village you will find a donkey tied there. Her colt that has never been ridden will be beside her. Untie them and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, tell them that the Lord needs them. And they will let you go.” Peter and John went to the village and found the colt outside in the street. It was tied at a doorway. They untied the cold. But some people asked them, “Why are you taking this colt?” The disciples answered, “The Lord needs it.” and the people let them go.
Note: Jesus sent his disciples probably to the village of Bethphage.
Jesus Sits on the Colt (Matthew 21:7, Mark 11:7, Luke 19:35, John 12:14-15)
After Peter and John brought the donkey and the colt to Jesus, they placed their clothes (outer cloaks) on the colt for Jesus to sit on. This happened to fulfill what is written in Zechariah 9:9, “Say to the Daughter Zion: See, your king comes to you, gentle and riding on a colt, the colt of a donkey.”
Jesus Enters Jerusalem as Victorious King (Matthew 21:8-9, Mark 11:8-10, Luke 19:36-39, John 12:12-13,17-18)
A large crowd of people that had come to celebrate Passover heard that Jesus was coming into Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. Many of these people saw Jesus raise Lazarus from the dead. And they never stopped telling others about this miracle. As Jesus rode the colt toward Jerusalem, some of the people walked in front of Jesus, and others walked behind him. Those who walked in front of Jesus spread their clothes (outer cloaks) and branches from the trees on the road. When Jesus came near the place where the road descends the Mount of Olives to Jerusalem, the whole crowd in front of Jesus waved palm branches. They rejoiced and praised God for all the miracles they had seen. They shouted Psalm 118:26, “Hosanna in the highest heaven! Hosanna to the Son of David! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the king of Israel!”
Note: The Son of David and the king of Israel refers to the Messiah. Christians call this “Palm Sunday” because the people waved palm branches.
Jesus Enters Jerusalem (Matthew 21:10-11, John 12:16, 19)
When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was full of excitement. People asked one another, “Who is this?” The people yelled, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee!” The Pharisees said to one another, “We are accomplishing nothing. Look! The whole world is following Jesus!” At first Jesus’ disciples did not understand what was going on. Only after Jesus was glorified did they remember what had been written about him and all the things that had been done to him.
Pharisees Confront Jesus (Luke 19:39-40)
Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, “Command your disciples to stop shouting these things!” Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth: If my disciples keep quiet, the rocks on the ground will cry out!”
Jesus Prophecies the Roman Destruction of Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44)
When Jesus saw Jerusalem, he wept over it. He said, “If you had only known what would bring you peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes. For you did not recognize the time of God’s visitation. The day is coming when the Romans will set up an embankment against you, encircle you on every side, and you will not be able to escape. They will tear Jerusalem down to the ground, with you and your children within its walls. They will not leave one stone upon another.”
Note: Jesus predicted that the Romans would destroy Jerusalem and the temple, which was fulfilled between AD 66 and AD 70.
Jesus Visits Jerusalem Temple and Returns to Bethany (Mark 11:11)
Jesus went into the temple courts. He looked around. But because it was already late on Sunday evening, he left with his apostles and spent the night in Bethany on the Mount of Olives.